The Galway Archaeological & Historical Society AGM
1916 and the Fight for Independence
Impact on a Galway Family
The AGM was held at the Harbour Hotel on Monday, 9th January, 2017, and was preceded by a Lecture, given by Peadar O’Dowd entitled, “1916 and the Fight for Independence – Impact on a Galway Family”. The family involved is the former Crowe family of Bohermore, in which Martin, Julia and William were active during the Fight for Independence, while their father, John, escaped death from English naval shelling during the 1916 Galway rebellion. Martin was subsequently interred in Ballykinlar Internment Camp in County Down during 1921, and his story is contained in Vol. 48 (1996) of the society’s journal.
Peadar O’Dowd, a retired GMIT lecturer, is a historian and columnist, and is the author of several publications on Galway, city and county.
Making a Manor
the Norman Settlement of Aughrim
“The Barons of Ireland went to England, and little to Erin’s benefit did they accomplish there” – Annals of Connacht, 1236.
Throughout the 13th century, the English Kings, the Irish Barons and the Gaelic Chieftains in Connacht performed an un-choreographed dance around the river Shannon, each seeking to dominate the turbulent kingdom of Connacht. One hundred years after the Norman invasion of Ireland, following a generation of military prodding and political machinations, Connacht was finally invaded, opening the door for new Norman settlements. The first stop was Aughrim, and a methodical plan was enacted to install the newcomers. Who they were and what they achieved are the subject of this illustrated lecture. The numerous names, and the standing of those people, speaks of the central importance of Aughrim in all that followed, during these attempts to produce a model settlement suitable for the Anglicization of the old kingdom.
Patrick Larkin is currently President of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society.
‘The Galway/Gaillimh atlas: perspectives on the historic town’ by Jacinta Prunty and Paul Walsh
The lecture took place on Tuesday 1 November 2016, at 6.30 p.m. at St Nicholas’s Church, Galway.
Jacinta Prunty and Paul Walsh are the authors of the new Irish Historic Towns Atlas, Galway/Gaillimh, which is published by the Royal Irish Academy. In this lecture the authors highlighted aspects of their research for the atlas. This event was hosted by the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society and marked the launch the atlas. Galway/Gaillimh by Jacinta Prunty and Paul Walsh is no. 28 in the Irish Historic Towns Atlas (IHTA) series, which traces the topographical development of Irish towns and cities through its publications. Galway/Gaillimh contains over thirty maps, views, reconstructions and photographs of the historic city with an accompanying text and gazetteer of urban sites. www.ihta.ie Series editors: H.B. Clarke, Anngret Simms, Raymond Gillespie, Jacinta Prunty.
Galway/Gaillimh is on sale in local bookshops or directly from the Royal Irish Academy (www.ria.ie) for €35.
EVEN THE STONES CRY OUT
by Prof. Noël P. Wilkins.
County Galway and Galway Bay have more fishery piers and quays than every other Irish county. Why is this? The reason may not be as obvious as one might expect.
This talk told the story of some of them – of the laws that governed them, the stones that make them up, the kindness of strangers who financed them and the human stories of those who built them. All of these aspects are intertwined in the overall story which is based on historical documentary evidence and personal examination of the sites mentioned. (more…)
The Annaghdown Doorway and King Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair: Loyalty and Patronage in Twelfth-Century Connacht.
Stacked in an alcove of the Augustinian Abbey at Annaghdown, County Galway, lie a group of beautiful sculpted heads from a lost mid-12th century doorway. These stones have been a puzzle, pre-dating the Abbey by as much as 40 years. Yet the doorway belongs to a group of exquisite Gaelic-Romanesque portals, including at Killeshin and Glendalough, often built by royal patronage. Though now out of context, it can be shown that the Annaghdown doorway came originally from the west end of a pre-Augustinian Gaelic church, whose west and south walls were later incorporated into the Annaghdown Abbey. (more…)
The Archaeology of Queen Maeve – Professor John Waddell
The great Queen Maeve is the most famous figure associated with the royal site of Rathcroghan, Co. Roscommon (ancient Crúachain). According to early Irish tradition this was the location of her splendid palatial dwelling. But archaeology suggests a very different picture … (more…)
Gathering of the Clans
Athenry 1st October 2016
Irish Clans to visit Athenry Representatives of numerous Irish clans will visit Athenry on October 1st for a special event organised by Clans of Ireland. Entitled ‘Gathering of the Clans, Athenry 2016’, the day has been arranged to commemorate the 700th anniversary of the 1316 battle of Athenry. The event will take place in the Athenry Community Centre in Clarke Street. One of the highlights of the day will be a talk by renowned lecturer and author Dr Nollaig Ó Muraíle, appropriately titled ‘The Gaelic nobility in the battle of Athenry, 1316 – those who fought, and those who fell’. This free lecture will be delivered at 2.30 pm and is open to all to attend. (more…)
Our Citizen Army; The 1916 Rebellion in Galway Town
By Dr. Conor McNamara
This talk explored Volunteer Thomas Courtney’s claim to the Bureau of Military History that ‘Galway town, was, and in my opinion, still is, the most shoneen town in Ireland.’
Following John Redmond’s offer to support the British War effort in September 1914, the Connacht Tribune announced: ‘Sinn Féin has hitherto been treated with generous tolerance in the city: it has grossly abused that tolerance … now take the attitude that tolerance has reached its limit. The puny plotters have only themselves to blame.’ (more…)
John Redmond and the Third Home Rule Bill 1912-1916
Mr. Dermot Meleady
With the current saturation coverage of the 1916 centenary commemorations, one could be forgiven for thinking that modern Irish history began only with the rebellion 100 years ago. The great democratic and material advances in the lives of the Irish people before 1916, and the fact that a measure of self-government had already been signed into law and awaited implementation at the end of the Great War, are often forgotten. This lecture will bring that lost potential back to life, detailing how a 40-year peaceful struggle for Home Rule was derailed by the events of 1914-18.
Dermot Meleady is a Dubliner, a former teacher who spent 12 years researching and writing his two-volume biography of John Redmond: ‘Redmond: the Parnellite’ (2008) and ‘John Redmond: the National Leader’ (2013).
Monday, 14 March 2016 @ 8PM at the Harbour Hotel. Dock Road, Galway
The publication of the 2015 GAHS journal has been delayed. It is hoped to have it available and delivered to all paid-up members later in 2016. All going well, the 2016 journal will appear as per normal at the year end.